- August 12, 2022
- Posted by: Terry Exports
- Category: Moringa Seed Germination
Introduction to Moringa Seed Germination (Drumstick) Drumstick Drumstick plant is referred to in the form of a Moringa tree. The Moringa tree is an annual plant that is known for its antioxidant content. It is a vital source of food that includes all plant parts, leaves and flowers, fruit, and unmatured pods that have nutritional value. The Moringa plant is a rapidly growing, drought-resistant plant that can grow up to 3 meters in its initial year. Drumstick is scientifically called Moringa oleifera and is part of the family of Moringaceae. Let’s now dive deep into the specifics of the seed germination process for the moringa plants and the growth process starting from seeds.
A step-by-step guide for the germination process of Moringa seeds
The Moringa tree is simple to cultivate. Plant quality Moringa seeds or cut them in a sunny area and the Moringa tree will grow. It is a species that thrives in subtropical, semiarid areas. Moringa seeds are big and circular in shape and form the long pods in the Moringa tree. The pods are tough and can be over one foot long. Each Moringa pod is capable of producing greater than 10, Moringa seeds.
Guide to Moringa Seed Germination
Moringa seeds possess a distinctive and attractive appearance. They have a set of thin flaps that extend from the main kernel. the flaps act as wings that transfer seeds away from the mother tree. Moringa tree is tolerant of clay soils, however, it will not do well in moist conditions.
Various varieties of Moringa
Many locally-grown tree cultivars can be recognized by their place of cultivation. Information about local cultivars is listed;
Jaffna Moringa is an annual variety that bears 60-90cm long pods that have soft flesh and delicious flavor.
- Chavakacheri muringa: This perennial variety produces 90-120 centimeter-long pods.
- Chemmuringa is an annual flower that blooms all year round and produces red-tipped fruit.
- Yazhpanam muringa – same as Jaffna type
- Pal muringai – Pods that have more pulp that is thicker and has a superior taste
- Puna muringa – Thinner fruits.
- Kodikal muringa produces short pods between 15 and 20cm long that are spread via seeds(source).
Also, check out Moringa to Combat Climate Change
Different varieties from Moringa oleifera Moringa types can broadly be divided into two categories:
Perennial and Annual
Perennial Moringa kinds have likely been growing for thousands of years. In India, the perennial varieties are propagated by cuttings. They have a variety of characteristics that have limited their usage in commercial production and have favored cultivating and establishing annual varieties. These include a long duration of growth before reaching maturity to produce pods, a lack of suitable plant materials, stem cuttings lower resistance to disease and pests, and higher requirements for rainfall. They may not be suitable for areas with short growing seasons or water shortages.
The annual varieties like Periyakulam-1 (PKM-1) as well as PKM-2 are mostly the results of recent research into plant breeding and have replaced the majority of the perennial varieties that were previously the dominant commercial crop in India. They are seed-propagated, have more yields, and are better able to adapt to a variety of soils and climate conditions1. If you don’t know Groundnut Seed Germination Timing, Temperature, the Process.
PKM – 1 – This “seed Moringa” is propagated via seeds. The plants grow to the height of between 4 and 6 meters and begin to bloom in 90 to 100 days following the time of planting. The first harvest is a period of 160- 170 days following the planting date and, on average, every tree produces 200-225 fruit per year. The pods measure 65-70 centimeters long, with 6.3 centimeters of girth and 150 grams of weight. One hybrid, called PKM1, originated from Moringa and is grown to produce a large amount of biomass and delicate leaves. The distinctive characteristics of PKM 1hybrid varieties are large and deep green leaves large and soft pods and a bushy habit and rapid growth following the cropping.
PKM 2 – “seed Moringa” is propagated via seeds. The pods are large (125-130 cm) as well as pulpy and ideal for homes with a garden. For PKM-2 the closest spacing of 1.2 to 1.2 millimeters is recommended for the best yield of around 138 t/ha. The pinching of the main shoots on the 80th day of sowing will result in the highest amount of fruit. PKM-2 Moringa is the new variety that has an average yield of around 100 tonnes for every hectare. It has long pods that measure approximately 125-130 cm with a diameter of 8.40 centimeters. On average, these pods weigh around the equivalent of 280 grams.
Named varieties of Moringa Oleifera species from India
Anupama is a Drumstick-produced album that was released by KAU, India.
Coimbatore 1 is readily accessible in India and is considered to be superior in the production of drumsticks and their quality. Drumsticks vary from 45 to 60cm in length, with two harvests each year. The yield of a tree can last from 8-10 years.
Coimbatore 2 is more well-known than Coimbatore 1 located in Tamil Nadu with shorter Drumsticks (25-35cm long). A high-yielding Drumstick production variety, with large pods, and a lifespan of 3-4 years.
Moolanur is an annual species that is cultivated by farmers from Tamil Nadu and the trees can be kept for up to 15 years without trimming.
Valayapatti is an annual species that is grown throughout Usilampatti in and around Usilampatti Andipatti. It can produce 1000-1200 pods for each tree.
The properties of Moringa seeds
Moringa seed propagation is beneficial for planting trees in diverse climates and the seeds are more easily germinated than tree cuttings. Of the various types, Moringa oleifera seems to be more tolerant of cold weather and it is possible to purchase the seeds to plant trees that yield a decent crop.
Moringa seed rate
About 500 grams of seeds are needed. Sow two seeds in each pit, at a depth between 2.5 to 3.0 centimeters. The seeds can be planted in poly bags that contain the potting mix and then transplanted after 35 to 40 days after sowing.
Sowing season and method of sowing of Moringa
Since it is a warm-season tree It is recommended that the Drumstick Tree is planted at the close of the cooler season. The seeds need to be planted in an area that has dry, light soil and then placed in holes that are 30 centimeters (1ft) long and 30cm deep. The holes may be filled with soil that is loose, as well as compost or manure to encourage the tree to grow. Within each plant, you should plant 3 to 5 seeds spaced at 5cm (2in) from each other, and sprinkle water over the soil so that the topsoil is wet. Moringa seeds will germinate within 12 days. The Moringa plant will begin to germinate in 12 days.
There are many methods of the seeds’ germination. Certain methods are more effective according to the microclimate. We’re certain that there are many of you who have your own method of germinating seeds, so we’ll simply share the methods we have used and what we have found to work for us, and the methods that have worked for other farmers around the world.
7 STEPS OF GERMINATING MORINGA SEEDS
Moringa seeds have wings. They are roughly as big as a pea. They don’t require sunlight to sprout. Here are some ideas regarding germinating(source).
- Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours. The seeds will drink the water needed to grow from this process. The seeds should be removed from the solution.
- Place the seeds in the plastic sandwich bag and place them in a cool dark area such as an open cabinet or drawer. The time for germination is between 3 and 14 days. Don’t add any additional water to the bag.
- Make sure to check them once every two days. When the seeds are separated from the winged shell, you’ll observe two shoots sticking out of the seed.
- Be careful not to allow the shoots to become too thick and long as they can become fragile and break if handled. The shoots may have a ruffled growth at their extremity. This is the one that has initial leaves (cotyledons) and is the one that is exposed to sunlight. Plant the seeds approximately 3/4 inches below the surface of the soil with the ruffled end facing the sun.The seeds that have sprouted seed(s) in a commercial band or peat pot with a top-quality pot soil. Sandy loamy soils work as well.Make sure to use a pot with a minimum of 18 inches in depth in case this is the ultimate place for the tree to live in. Moringa likes the sun, therefore ensure that they receive plenty. While Moringa is drought-tolerant it is possible to water them regularly, but do not allow the roots to soak for long periods of time. If you reside in a hot area be sure to not expose the young plants to the constant sun. Monitor them. They will inform you when they’re upset due to excessive sunlight, lack of water, or food.
- It’s an excellent idea to plant pots in order to start the trees since you’ll have greater control over the maintenance of the tree. Animals will eat moringa babies if they are able to. We suggest that you let the potted plants develop for at minimum 8 weeks or more before you transplant them into the soil. If you are transplanting, try not to disrupt the root system in any way. Similar to many other plants, the roots are extremely fragile until they have been established in the soil.
- If using a plastic container and you want to transfer it into the soil, use an extremely long blade to release the soil away from the edges of the container. Then, turn the pot or band upside down, allowing the entire plant as well as soil to fall out of the pot. This will prevent the roots from being damaged. You have already made a hole and then gently insert the hole.If you’re planting several trees spread the plants between 7 and 10 feet to allow maximum accessibility to your mature tree. The tree will grow 3-4 feet away from its trunk, so this spacing allows you to stroll between trees and allow the sunlight to perform its task. If you’re looking for a windbreak, simply plant them all at one-foot intervals, as it is done across Africa as well as India. Moringa is a plant that is tolerant of the nutrients and food sources of plants and has an abundant water supply
- Don’t forget to simply put seeds into the soil or put them in a large pot with water. We’ve discovered the fact that Moringa has a sensitivity to the amount of soil within which it begins its life.